GLOBAL EDUCATION CRISIS
Education is a right of every children in this world. This is a motto which is chattered by everyone in this world especially the leaders and NGO’s. There is no doubt many grave and serious steps are taken in the direction to eradicated illiteracy from the world but the disease of illiteracy is far much grave and complex. The education crisis is interconnected with many complex as well as undisclosed dichotomy. Every continent, country, region, religion and community encapsulate different theory about the cause of this education crisis.
Right for education for is a struggle. This struggle was initiated by the UNESCO at the world conference on Education for All in Thailand in 1990. The main agenda was to bring out-of school children (OOSC) to school for education .The UNESCO Education for all (EFA) initiative have made a significant progress since its advent .The impact of this program is notable as 34 million children have gone to school since the turn of 21st century. But still according to a report 263 million children and youth are still out of school.
Financial barriers is the starting point of this education crisis, Parents who are unable to pay for schooling prefer to send their children to earn money through labor for themselves and their siblings rather than going to schools. This is not an easy decision to make by them but when they have to choose between work and school they choose work. Lack of demand of education, poor quality of education, non-use of mother tongue for teaching are many other barriers related to capacity.
The majority children and adolescence who are out of school belongs to sub-Saharan African region. The major impediment between the education and the children is being impecunious. Being poor is the major hindrance for almost every children who never went or drop out from school. For an instance, enrollment of children in many countries from age 6-11 and 12-14 increased rather than the youth who aged 15-17. Of many reasons, one reason is primary and lower secondary education is free. Adult aged from 15 and onward who cannot afford the education mostly drop out or left education.
The out-of school children (OOSC) also face Gender inequality. As we see globally male outnumbered female at least at secondary education level. Only a few countries where majority of female are more educated than males e.g. Philippines and Myanmar. The major reason behind this impediment is early marriage. As a report from (UNFPA) there is almost 70 million child and adolescent bride means they are under age of 18. This child marriage result as a dropout from school.
Of many crisis which make Global education crisis more vulnerable are natural disasters. The devastation cause by natural disaster (flood, earthquake and volcanic eruption) have a profound effect on education. Families are displaced, lives are lost, children’s experienced physiologically and emotionally trauma. Few schools are converted into shelter homes or damaged and mostly are inaccessible, which disrupt the schooling pattern of children’s. Migration of families and indulging in new environment and culture take time to adjust mentally. Above all, families have to find new ways to earn livelihood. This practice disturb or sometime stops children education for indefinite time or permanently.
Government responsibility and policies regarding Education is one of many keys to solve this Global education crisis. Mostly underdeveloped and developed countries have no or just up to lower secondary free education policy. Similar non serious behavior is mostly observed while addressing the issue of children living in remote areas and children with disabilities. As, a result class difference widened and nations faith on system deteriorate. Countries like Pakistan only spend 2% of their budget on education sector as compared to their military budget which is more than 60%. This increase unemployment, restlessness and lack of trust in system. This kind of policies enhanced the chances of making this education crisis from grave to contagious.
Education is a slow-moving but powerful force. It may not be fast enough or strong enough to save us from catastrophe, but it is the strongest force available for that purpose and in its proper place, therefore, is not at the periphery, but at the center of international relations.
In the end I would like to conclude by sharing a quote from senator J. William Fulbright who once said “Education is slow moving but powerful force It may not be fast enough or strong enough to save us from catastrophe, but it is the strongest force available for that purpose and in its proper place, therefore, is not at the periphery, but at the center of international”. This also stand for change a change from crisis to solution. A change from illiteracy to literacy and change from becoming inhuman to humane. The essence of above mention quote can also be conclude in two words which are “keep moving”